Iranian Literature – Afarin Rahmanifar http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/ Fri, 04 Jun 2021 13:31:25 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/afarin-rahmanifar-icon-150x150.png Iranian Literature – Afarin Rahmanifar http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/ 32 32 Food and nutrition literacy level and its correlates among Iranian high school students | BMC Nutrition http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/food-and-nutrition-literacy-level-and-its-correlates-among-iranian-high-school-students-bmc-nutrition/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/food-and-nutrition-literacy-level-and-its-correlates-among-iranian-high-school-students-bmc-nutrition/#respond Thu, 03 Jun 2021 23:59:52 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/food-and-nutrition-literacy-level-and-its-correlates-among-iranian-high-school-students-bmc-nutrition/

The results of the present study showed that the mean score in none of the FNL domains and dimensions was above the adequate level (≥60), indicating that the FNL status of Iranian youth needs to be improved. Considering that the study participants were high school students who had completed their formal education, their FNL status conveys key messages for the education system and may reflect the weaknesses of current school curricula in improving food literacy and nutritional issues in students.

There were no significant differences between boys ‘and girls’ scores in the overall FNL and its dimensions, except for scores for functional skills and food label reading. The mean functional skills score was slightly higher for girls than for boys; however, after adjusting for other factors in the multivariate analysis, gender was no longer a significant predictor of functional skills. On the other hand, when it came to food label reading skills, gender was a strong predictor even after adjusting for the effect of all other possible predictors in the multivariate analysis. The results showed that the boys had higher scores in reading and interpreting food labels. A review of the available literature indicates that there is no consistent gender difference in the use of food labels or in interpretation skills. Some studies have shown no difference between the sexes [24,25,26], while some indicated that women used or interpreted food labels more frequently than men [27,28,29]. According to the literature, women seem to use food labels more frequently than men [25, 27, 28]; however, there are inconsistencies between studies regarding the interpretation and understanding of food labels. [24,25,26, 29], suggesting that other factors such as age, level of education, nutritional knowledge, etc., may affect gender differences.

Based on bivariate analysis, maternal education level, private school education, and higher SES score were significantly associated with higher food and nutrition knowledge score. Multivariate analysis confirmed these results; because increasing the SSE score was associated with a higher likelihood of a higher knowledge score. Consistent results have been reported in several studies [12, 30,31,32,33]. Aihara et al. indicated that a higher level of education and economic status was associated with adequate nutritional literacy among the Japanese elderly [30]. Although they used the term “nutritional literacy”, their questionnaire only assessed nutritional knowledge. Likewise, other studies have shown a higher level of education [12, 31,32,33] and workstation [12, 31, 32] were positively associated with nutritional knowledge. The need for food and nutritional knowledge as a prerequisite for dietary changes [8], although this is not sufficient, calls for the need to put more emphasis on nutrition education programs targeting groups with low SES.

Academic performance was also associated with a higher knowledge score, but surprisingly with lower functional and interactive scores. This may be due to the fact that the country’s current secondary school curricula and textbooks contain relatively little information on food and nutrition, which mainly focuses on knowledge aspects. [11]. In addition, students who perform better in school due to a heavy schoolwork load may have limited time or interest in developing their food and nutrition skills, i.e. doing the exercises. shopping, preparation and cooking (functional skills) or interacting with others about food and nutrition (skills). This may be particularly relevant for our study participants who were high school students preparing for the college entrance exam. More research is needed to draw a more reliable conclusion in this regard.

The possibility of a higher knowledge score was significantly higher among students who studied natural sciences compared to those whose major was literature and humanities. Food and nutrition related topics are more likely to be covered in natural science lessons than in other subjects. A recent analysis of the content of secondary school textbooks in Iran showed that topics related to food and nutrition were covered more frequently in natural science textbooks than other major subjects. [11] which confirmed the results of the present study.

Subjects’ weight and health status were also examined as possible determinants of FNL and its dimensions. A higher BMI was correlated with a higher functional score on bivariate analysis. However, after controlling for the effect of other possible predictors in multivariate analysis, this association was no longer significant. The relationship between weight status and FNL has been discussed in a number of studies [12, 15, 20, 30, 34, 35]; however, the results have not been consistent. In some studies, people with a higher BMI had a lower FNL level [20, 34], while in others not significant [12, 15, 30] or positive [35] an association between BMI and FNL has been reported. These surveys were conducted among different age and sex groups, which may partly explain this inconsistency in the results. In a study by Kubiet et al. in adolescents [15], multivariate analysis showed no significant association between weight status and FNL, which is consistent with our results. However, the limited number of studies, all with a cross-sectional design, makes it difficult to draw a conclusion.

In the present study, the presence of nutrition-related illnesses in a family member predicted the possibility of improved ability to read food labels in students. Previous reports have also indicated that people with nutrition-related illnesses, such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc., pay more attention to food labels. [36]. People with chronic nutrition-related illnesses and their families are more concerned with diet and may want to limit the intake of certain specific food components like calories, sugar, fat, salt, etc. These concerns may explain the higher skills in interpreting food labels in people with chronic nutrition-related illnesses. chronic diseases and their families.

To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the FNL status of Iranian high school students by a valid multidimensional tool. However, this study had certain limitations which must be taken into account. First, its transversal conception makes it impossible to interpret the management of associations. In addition, the determining factors examined in the present study could not explain well the variation in the score of the competence domain and its dimensions. It appears that more complex factors affect FNL-related skills that were not included in our study. For example, food skills may be affected by socio-cultural norms that were not assessed in this study. Therefore, in order to explore the possible determinants of the FNL competence domain, further research, especially with a qualitative design, could provide more information. Finally, this study conducted among high school students in Tehran; therefore, its results may not be generalized to other age groups or different populations.

In conclusion, the present study showed that Iranian high school students have relatively low knowledge and skills in food and nutrition. Among the possible determinants examined, study major, academic performance, and SES were important predictors of young people’s food and nutrition knowledge; and male gender and having nutrition-related illnesses in family members were determinants of improved ability to read food labels. Further studies are recommended to identify other possible factors related to FNL in young people. The findings again highlight the need to assess current formal education programs with regard to food and nutrition knowledge and skills development as an important life skills skill. In addition, the relatively low level of FNL among high school students underscored the need for future studies focusing on FNL promotion interventions among high school students in Iran.


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Best First Female Authors to Read This Summary http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/best-first-female-authors-to-read-this-summary/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/best-first-female-authors-to-read-this-summary/#respond Thu, 03 Jun 2021 11:30:47 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/best-first-female-authors-to-read-this-summary/

Nothing beats a summer reading. Afternoons lazing on picnic blankets or swings, lounging by the pool or languishing on beach blankets are infinitely more enjoyable when immersed in an entertaining romance. This year, a list of brilliant new books emerges, especially those by newbie female authors who already seem poised to become serious literary stars. We met five of the best new voices to take with you this summer.

Natasha Brown, Blend

This slim novel may be tiny at just over 100 pages, but it has an oversized impact. Exploring nuanced and redefining form on class, work, gender and race, Brown’s debut has already garnered a hype from the industry. In fact, Bernadine Evaristo crowned her “Next Big Thing” – not bad for a beginning writer who has spent the last decade working in finance. “Writing had become my guilty pleasure over the years,” she says. “It wasn’t until I started re-evaluating my life that I realized this was what I wanted to spend more time on and then luckily it all happened organically.”

Courtesy

Assembly skillfully plays with words and structure, and it seems done consciously. “I wanted to approach race and class from a very nuanced linguistic point of view. So rather than really coming from a place of frustration, it was more about how we communicate with each other? And how does that sometimes break down? ” she explains. “Assembly is very concerned with the different stories we tell ourselves: cultural narratives, how we understand what it means to be British, what it means to be successful, how we understand identity and how we have it built. I really wanted to draw attention to the fact that these things aren’t really there. We have assembled them.”

BUY NOW

Louise Nealon, Snowflake

“I love books. Apart from my family and friends, books are the most important relationship of my life, ”says Nealon, whose debut, Snowflake, which was released in May, has already seen the team behind Normal people. Although lightly based on her own experiences growing up on a dairy farm in County Kildare and moving to college in a big city, the story of the main character Debbie is far from a memory. “Yes Snowflake was entirely factual, that would be extremely boring. Of course, I started to write about things I knew, but the story started to grow, and that’s where the magic happens, ”she explains. “I get really excited when I can’t keep up with my characters and I no longer have control of the story.”

louise nealon

Courtesy

Nealon laughs that the world is already clamoring to dub her the new Sally Rooney and Herald Snowflake this year’s Millennium Story. “I didn’t mean to do anything consciously,” she smiles. “In fact, I’m really happy to have come to a place where I have given up on the world of books, and it is able to exist independently without me. The story is no longer mine, it belongs to the reader who opens the cover and brings their own imagination and experiences to the pages.

BUY NOW

Francesca Reece, Voyeur

From Paris to the south of France, with narrative threads winding beautifully through London’s Soho and the warm streets of Athens, Voyeur It sounds like your standard airport romance: Scandals in Sunny Climates. But Francesca Reece’s heartwarming debut is more than the sum of her parts of the wanderlust. In fact, its origins can be found in medieval literature. “It was around 2015 and I was totally obsessed with using doppelgängers in these really old texts,” she says, rolling her eyes self-deprecatingly and calling herself pretentious. “This is really where the main point of the novel comes from. I was fascinated by what would happen if someone came into your life who looked exactly like someone from your past.

francesca reece

Courtesy

Her debut, which tells the story of Leah, a aimless graduate living in Paris, and Michael, an aging literary star whose lives are irrevocably tangled after a chance encounter, deals with notions of memory and perception – how her identity can often be misinterpreted in someone else’s eyes. “For me, I wanted to portray layers of people’s voyeurism,” she explains. “That, and I was determined to write a central character who was intentionally lacking in ambition. We don’t seem to let people hang around anymore. There’s a lot to be said for loitering!

BUY NOW

Abigail Dean, Daughter A

“It’s really easy to think that none of this really happened, because it happened during the lockdown,” Dean says of the fact that his novel, released in January, has become a bestseller. global. The TV rights were recovered by Sony, with the director of Chernobyl already attached. “It’s just surreal.”

abigail dean

Courtesy

Dean wrote Girl A, an intelligent and compulsive story of a woman who escapes from an abusive family home, in moments around her incredibly trying work as a corporate lawyer. A fan of real crime, he was inspired by the stories of families like the Turpins, whose lifelong abuse of their 13 children was revealed in 2018. “I obviously had to do a lot of heavy research to get into the head of somebody. who had experienced that, ”she explains. “I was also amazed that we so rarely see what happens to these children next, after their rescue, after the trial. What are they doing with their lives? How do they get over it? What happens to their dynamic as siblings? I wanted to explore all of this in the novel.

BUY NOW

Melody Razak, Butterfly

So many events described in the assured beginnings of Razak, Butterfly, feel so elaborate, horrible, and painful, that it’s hard to believe they really happened. “This is what struck me when I started hearing stories about the partition of India,” she says. “It made me realize that so few of us know the horrors of those times.”

razak melody

Patricia Niven

An Anglo-Iranian writer, Razak is also a pastry chef, who ran a pastry shop in Brighton for eight years before embarking on a master’s degree in creative writing. She wrote Butterfly, a powerful family story that separates India and Pakistan, during long train journeys through India, a country with which she is “totally in love”. “I mainly focused on women,” she says. “Women were rife at that time and many were lost. We hear these voices so rarely and I wanted to Butterfly to do it, to tell it all from their point of view.

BUY NOW

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Radical languages: the writers Behrouz Boochani and Vana Manasiadis on the questioning of monolingualism http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/radical-languages-the-writers-behrouz-boochani-and-vana-manasiadis-on-the-questioning-of-monolingualism/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/radical-languages-the-writers-behrouz-boochani-and-vana-manasiadis-on-the-questioning-of-monolingualism/#respond Wed, 02 Jun 2021 22:08:00 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/radical-languages-the-writers-behrouz-boochani-and-vana-manasiadis-on-the-questioning-of-monolingualism/

How does the language we speak shape us? Define us? Empower us? limit us? What kinds of privileges and dominance does he have? Does our own language suppress or marginalize other languages, other voices?

Both 2021 University of Canterbury (UC) Ursula Bethell Writers in Residence approach these questions from very different perspectives which are in some respects comparable. The two writers will share their experience during a Tauhere UC Connect Public Lecture on the radical use of the language, on the evening of Wednesday, June 30 on the Ilam campus of the University of Canterbury and broadcast live.

Behrouz Boochani is a Kurdish Iranian who during his lifetime saw his native dialect taken up by Farsi in a way that embodies the cultural marginalization of his people. During her time as the Ursula Bethell Writer-in-Residence at UC, Behrouz sought to resist this imaginative and literary colonization by writing fiction in the language of her people. The Greek-New Zealand poet and translator Vana Manasiadis dedicates her residency as a writer Ursula Bethell to the “translangue” project; the creation of literary works that explore and celebrate the experience of movement between languages ​​and therefore between minority and dominant cultural spaces.

In 2021 Aotearoa New Zealand, as we seek to embrace a future beyond the limits of monolingualism, these two exceptional writers have a lot to teach us. Please join them, and moderator Professor Philip Armstrong from UC’s English Department, for a stimulating, transgressive and boundary-pushing conversation about the relationship between language, power, literature, imagination, home and exile.

Vana Manasiadis is a Greek New Zealand poet and translator who has traveled between Aotearoa and Kirihi in Greece for the past 20 years. His latest book The almanac of mourning: a sequel, followed her earlier Bay leaves of the island of Ithaca: a myth in experimenting with hybridity, pluralism and code change, and is being translated into Greek for publication in Greece.

Behrouz Boochani is an internationally renowned author and journalist who was held as a political prisoner by the Australian government on Manus Island for six years and then detained in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. In November 2019, he was invited to Christchurch, New Zealand, where, after being recognized as a refugee under the United Nations Refugee Convention, he was granted asylum. He became a Principal Associate Researcher at the Ngāi Tahu Research Center at the University of Canterbury. His book No friend but the mountains: writing from Manus prison (Picador 2018) has won numerous awards, including the Victorian Prize for Literature 2019.

the Ursula Bethell Residency in Creative Writing, jointly funded by the College of Arts at UC and Creative New Zealand, was established in 1979 to support New Zealand writers and foster New Zealand writing. The UC residency allows authors of proven merit in all areas of literary and creative activity to work on an approved project in an academic environment. Since the establishment of the Writers Residency, UC has hosted dozens of fiction writers, poets and playwrights, many of whom have made valuable contributions to the development of young writers studying at the university. Since 1979 UC has hosted many renowned writers including Keri Hulme, Kevin Ireland, David Eggleton, Eleanor Catton, Owen Marshall, Fiona Farrell, Tusiata Avia and Victor Rodger.

UC Connect Public Conference – Radical languages:
Writers Behrouz Boochani and Vana Manasiadis challenge monolingualism, Presented by UC Arts Writers in Residence Behrouz Boochani and Vana Manasiadis, moderated by Professor Philip Armstrong, University of Canterbury, 7 p.m. to 8 p.m., Wednesday June 30, 2021 – C1 amphitheater at C-Block, Ilam campus , University of Canterbury. Register for free to participate: https://www.canterbury.ac.nz/public-lectures/

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Books on modern Iranian cultural currents unveiled http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/books-on-modern-iranian-cultural-currents-unveiled/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/books-on-modern-iranian-cultural-currents-unveiled/#respond Tue, 01 Jun 2021 14:25:44 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/books-on-modern-iranian-cultural-currents-unveiled/

TEHRAN – A series of books on contemporary Iranian thought and cultural currents was unveiled Tuesday during a special meeting at the House of Iranian Books and Literature in Tehran.

“Thought and Cultural Currents in Contemporary Iran” consists of 30 books, eight of which were presented during the meeting.

The eight books are “Post-Modernist”, “Islamic Feminism”, “Popular Ritualist”, “Practical and Professional Ethics”, “Traditional Shia Mystic”, “Islamic Seminary Philosophist”, “New Religious and Spiritual Current” and Reformism ” .

The collection plan was launched in 2013 at the Faculty of Global Studies at the University of Tehran.

A large number of researchers from the best university centers have contributed to the collection, which will be gradually published in the future.

Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Seyyed Abbas Salehi and a group of literate and cultural figures attended the meeting.

In a brief speech, Salehi expressed his thanks to the experts regarding the series and said, “This collection should help provide opportunities for dialogue that have been overlooked in Iranian society. These books should be used to help reduce the lack of dialogue. “

He stressed the need to study cultural currents in Iran and said: “A conflict between tradition and modernity in Iran has been going on for 150 years. Therefore, we have continuously witnessed constant social movements.

He noted that these movements need to be considered by academics.

Photo: Eight books from the series “Thought and Cultural Currents in Contemporary Iran” were unveiled during a meeting at the House of Iranian Books and Literature in Tehran on June 1, 2021.

MMS / YAW


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Take a journey through the life of a prominent satirist [PHOTO] http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/take-a-journey-through-the-life-of-a-prominent-satirist-photo/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/take-a-journey-through-the-life-of-a-prominent-satirist-photo/#respond Tue, 01 Jun 2021 14:15:00 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/take-a-journey-through-the-life-of-a-prominent-satirist-photo/

June 1, 2021 6:15 p.m. (UTC + 04:00)

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By Laman Ismayilova

The eminent Azerbaijani satirist and writer Jalil Mammadguluzade has contributed significantly to critical realism and the satirical genre in Azerbaijani literature.

The founder of “Molla Nasraddin”, a satirical magazine greatly influenced this genre in the Middle East and Central Asia.

He has written in various genres including short stories, novels, essays, and plays. His first major short story, “The Disappearance of the Donkey,” written in 1894 and published in 1934, addressed social inequality.

In his latest books, “The Letter Box”, “The Iranian Constitution”, “Gurban Ali Bey” and many others, Mammadguluzade has criticized corruption, snobbery, ignorance and religious fanaticism.

Since 1903, Mammadguluzade had published his work in the journal Sargi-Rus.

“Post Box” and “Currant Game” and the translation “Work, Death and Sickness” are among the stories published in this journal.

The magazine was first published in Tbilisi on April 7, 1906 and could print 340 issues until 1917. The publication was later published in Tabriz with eight issues printed in 1921, then in Baku from 1922 to 1931, publishing in total 400 numbers.

“Molla Nasraddin” was something revolutionary for this period, criticizing the political elite of Russia and Persia and focusing on topics such as corruption, snobbery, ignorance, religious fanaticism, equality rights for women as well as freedom of expression and the preservation of the national language and traditions.

April 7, 1906. Jalil Mammadguluzade published the first issue of the magazine “Molla Nasraddin”, which laid the foundation for satirical journalism in the world of Turkish Muslims.

“Molla Nasraddin” criticized the political elite of Russia and Persia for corruption, snobbery, ignorance and religious fanaticism. The publication focused on equal rights for women as well as freedom of expression and the preservation of national language and traditions.

The magazine regularly publishes the works of talented Azerbaijani writers and journalists, such as MASabir, N.Narimanov, A.Haqverdiyev, MSOrdubadi, OFNemanzadeh, Ali Nazmi, A.Gamkusar, etc.

Even so, the publication managed to stay in print for 25 years (1906-1931).

Today, the House-Museum of Jalil Mammadguluzade keeps precious exhibitions highlighting the contribution of the writer.

The museum regularly organizes activities by organizing exhibitions to let the public know more about the life and creativity of the greatest Azerbaijani satirist.

In 2019, the Jalil Mammadguluzadeh House-Museum in Baku finally opened after renovation.

The event brought together prominent public figures, representatives of science, culture and literature, including the great-grandson of writer Martin Javanshiri and his son Przemislav Javanshiri.

The house-museum of the famous writer and founder of the satirical magazine “Molla Nasreddin” was inaugurated in 1994 in honor of the 125th anniversary of the birth of Jalil Mammadguluzade.

Azerbaijani national leader Heydar Aliyev attended the opening ceremony.

The museum is spread over 5 rooms devoted to the life and creation of the writer. Almost 3000 pieces are presented in the museum.

The house-museum brilliantly reflects the first journalistic and literary activity of Jalil Mammadguluzade.

There is an editorial staff for the magazine “Molla Nasraddin” in the house-museum. The materials of the memorial room are on the theme of the life and activity of Jalil Mammadguluzade between the years 1922 and 1932. Here is also a map covering the dissemination of the works of the writer in the world.

The Jalil Mammadguluzade House-Museum is an ideal place to take a great journey through the life of a prominent satirist.

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Pan-Gulf identity as an alternative to Iran Vilayat-e Faqih http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/pan-gulf-identity-as-an-alternative-to-iran-vilayat-e-faqih/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/pan-gulf-identity-as-an-alternative-to-iran-vilayat-e-faqih/#respond Mon, 31 May 2021 19:58:24 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/pan-gulf-identity-as-an-alternative-to-iran-vilayat-e-faqih/

Pan-Gulf identity as an alternative to Iran Vilayat-e Faqih

Leaders (lr) of Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates and the GCC Secretary General at the 41st GCC Summit in Al-Ula. (AFP)

The people of the Gulf urgently need a new political discourse. The previous pan-Arab discourse of the 1960s provided an intellectual framework for many people and elites. At the time, an individual’s identity, patriotism and sense of belonging were based on Arabism. It surpassed any other affiliation, such as religion, ethnicity, or sect. Although dominant, this political discourse had some flaws and faced different challenges as several conflicting ideologies emerged, including socialism, political Islam and Vilayat-e Faqih (tutelage of the Islamic jurist) on the eastern shore of the Persian Gulf, which will be the subject of this article.
Vilayat-e Faqih’s ideology interacted with Shia Arab communities and found fertile ground in four key stages. Each step was linked to political realities and circumstances, rather than to Iranian revolutionary ideology itself.
The first stage of this interaction took place during the first two years of the Iranian revolution and the subsequent establishment of the Islamic Republic, when the newly formed political system in Iran promoted the policy of “neither east nor of the West ”and anti-imperialist rhetoric. The Shia Arab communities accepted this speech, but it has not been fully tested.
The second stage took place during the Iran-Iraq War, when the Iranian regime began to export the Iranian revolution, calling on Arabs in the region to dismantle their political systems and replicate the Iranian experience. This attempt focused more on the revolutionary dimension than on the sectarian dimension. Therefore, he did not achieve the expected result.
The third stage, which was the engagement and containment stage, began after the liberation of Kuwait and ended with the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. This stage saw effective promotion of Vilayat-e Faqih among the Shiite Arab communities with a main emphasis on the sectarian dimension. Iran’s efforts during this period included an increase in the admission of Shia Arab students to Iranian religious seminaries (hawzas), the domination of sectarianism over nationalism, and the establishment of cross-border sectarian affiliations. In response to the failure of pan-Arabism and the emergence of divisions among Arab countries, Shiite Arab communities began to adopt the ideology of Vilayat-e Faqih.
The fourth and final step began when Iran adopted the discourse of protecting Shiite Arab communities from the US invasion of Iraq until today. The manifestations of this speech were evident when Iran intervened in Iraq, Bahrain, Yemen and Syria.
Even though freedom and political participation have been neglected in the Iranian ideology of Vilayat-e Faqih, the country’s political system has repeatedly held cosmetic presidential and parliamentary elections and promoted alleged economic achievements to export its revolutionary ideology. among the Shiite Arab communities. Vilayat-e Faqih completely revokes the right of individuals to participate in decision-making, marginalizes the authority of elected institutions and elevates the powers of the supreme leader.
According to this ideology, the supreme leader enjoys absolute guardianship over all the peoples, tribes and countries of the Islamic Ummah. He can restrict his tutelage to the country where he is vested with power so as not to be accused of interfering in the internal affairs of other countries on the basis of today’s world standards. However, in the event that the Supreme Leader exercises his powers extended beyond the borders of his country, his leadership based on loyalty will be binding, just like that which he imposes on the people of his own country.
The pan-Gulf discourse, on the other hand, did not, in my opinion, come from any intellectual or cultural reason. On the contrary, the occupation of Kuwait and its subsequent liberation was the key factor that led to the development of this discourse. Subsequently, it was reinforced by economic integration projects and laws regulating the movement of people between the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), as well as the freedom of investment and the transfer of capital between countries. members of the GCC.
The general secretariat of the GCC adopted the pan-Gulf speech. In September 2016, he organized a seminar in cooperation with the National Council of Culture, Arts and Literature of Kuwait on the theme “Strengthening the National Identity of the Gulf”. The seminar resulted in a series of recommendations, which were then submitted for consideration to the relevant committees of the ministries of culture of the GCC countries. These recommendations included strengthening Gulf unity through educational programs, increasing opportunities for young people, supporting media institutions to produce joint outreach projects and programs, funding / encouragement of centers. research and preservation of state and public heritage by participating in heritage-related events, as well as by supporting initiatives. which aim to raise the level of nationalism, strengthen national identity and consolidate the unity of the Gulf.
However, can this pan-Gulf discourse counter the ideology of Vilayat-e Faqih, which is promoted among Shiite Arab communities in the Gulf region?
To answer this question, we need to examine the main elements of this pan-Gulf discourse and the opportunities it offers Arab Shiites to integrate into Gulf societies. This discourse denies sectarian disagreements / differences, rejects discrimination and takfiri ideologies and criminalizes those who promote such ideologies. In addition, it recognizes the full participation of Arab Shiites in Gulf societies.
This discourse also imposes obligations on every citizen, including the rejection of cross-border affiliations and foreign loyalties, whether sectarian, intellectual or cultural. It also considers these affiliations to be socially unacceptable and prioritizes loyalty to national authorities and elected institutions.

This discourse rejects discrimination and takfiri ideologies and criminalizes those who promote such ideologies.

Dr Mohammed Al-Sulami

Advancing the discourse on pan-Gulf identity will consolidate the sense of belonging to a single entity, accelerate the transition from the GCC, which is currently celebrating its 40th anniversary, to the Gulf Union, which may later include the ‘Iraq and Yemen, and will help overcome tribal, sectarian, regional and class affiliations. This discourse can also contribute to the adoption of more harmonious educational and cultural programs and common political orientations. More importantly, this speech will help to bridge the intellectual and societal gaps in the face of external challenges and to preserve the social fabric of the Gulf from expansionist and hegemonic ambitions aimed at our countries.

  • Dr Mohammed Al-Sulami is President of the International Institute for Iranian Studies (Rasanah). Twitter: @mohalsulami

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed by the editors in this section are their own and do not necessarily reflect the views of Arab News


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Iran’s Tuti Books nominated for Bologna Award for Best Children’s Publishers of the Year http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/irans-tuti-books-nominated-for-bologna-award-for-best-childrens-publishers-of-the-year/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/irans-tuti-books-nominated-for-bologna-award-for-best-childrens-publishers-of-the-year/#respond Sun, 30 May 2021 14:35:36 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/irans-tuti-books-nominated-for-bologna-award-for-best-childrens-publishers-of-the-year/

TEHRAN – Tuti Books, a large Tehran-based publishing house, has been nominated for the BOP – Bologna Award for Best Children’s Publishers of the Year.

Tuti Books is the children’s arm of Fatemi Publishing Co. which is solely dedicated to publishing high quality content for the age group across the world.

“Tuti Books is proud to be one of the handful of publishers active in this field globally,” the publisher said.

“Introducing world literature to Iranian children and young adults is a big part of Tuti’s mission,” he noted and added, “We are constantly researching and purchasing titles from around the world to further strengthen the cultural ties between the Nations.”

“Tuti” is the Persian word for “Parrot”, a bird deeply rooted in Iranian literature and known for its fascinating stories.

China’s Anhui Children’s Publishing House, Japan’s Bronze Edition, Mirae Media & Books, and Picturebook Gongjackso, both from South Korea, are other Asian companies shortlisting for the award.

A total of 30 publishers from around the world compete for prizes in six categories. The winners will be announced at the online edition of the Bologna Children’s Book Fair (BCBF), which will take place from June 14 to 17.

Created in 2013 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the BCBF, the BOP – Bologna Award for the best children’s publishers of the year is an extraordinary opportunity to highlight publishers at the forefront of innovation in their activity for the creative nature. editorial choices available to them. made during the previous year.

The award launched in collaboration with AIE – Italian Association of Publishers and IPA – International Association of Publishers is awarded to publishers who have distinguished themselves the most for their professional and intellectual skills in each of the six regions of the world, from the Africa, Central and South. America, North America, Asia, Europe and Oceania.

At the same time, the award is designed to foster a mutual exchange of knowledge and ideas between different countries, regions and cultural identities across the world.

Photo: A poster for the Tuti Books foreign rights catalog for spring 2020.

MMS / YAW


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Maestro Rahbari’s latest music features Goethe’s Hafez-inspired poetry http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/maestro-rahbaris-latest-music-features-goethes-hafez-inspired-poetry/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/maestro-rahbaris-latest-music-features-goethes-hafez-inspired-poetry/#respond Sat, 29 May 2021 14:07:31 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/maestro-rahbaris-latest-music-features-goethes-hafez-inspired-poetry/

TEHRAN – Maestro Ali Rahbari plans to compose a piece for a poem by the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, West-East Divan, composed under the inspiration of the Persian poet Hafez.

The piece was commissioned by Naxos Records, a Hong Kong-based German label specializing in classical music, ILNA’s Persian service reported on Saturday.

Naxos Records has so far released three volumes of Rahbari’s album, “My Mother Persia”.

The China NCPA Orchestra plans to celebrate 50 years of diplomatic relations between Iran and China by performing two symphonic poems from the album at two concerts in July.

Goethe wrote the West-East Divan between 1814 and 1819 under the influence of Hafez’s poetry.

The collection marks a literary encounter between German and Persian literature that began in 1814. In the spring of that year Goethe received a German translation of Hafez’s divan in two volumes from the publisher Cotta of Stuttgart.

The translator was Austrian Orientalist Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall, whose translations and commentaries played a major role in the knowledge of the East by the Germans.

Hammer’s translation of the couch broadens and broadens the knowledge of the East that Goethe had acquired in his youth, so that he could now, at the age of 65, devote himself more intensely to the East, and mainly to Persia.

“In fact, Hammer-Purgstall built a bridge between Goethe and Hafez,” Iranian researcher Kurosh Kamali Sarvestani once said.

The connection between Goethe and Hafez has always been a source of inspiration for other artistic productions.

Iranian filmmaker Farshad Fereshteh-Hekmat produced the “Hafez and Goethe” docufiction in 2018 to shed light on Goethe de Hafez’s great inspiration.

Photo: Iranian composer Ali Rahbari.

MMS / YAW


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Companionship with corrupt importers, Raisi’s first mistake http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/companionship-with-corrupt-importers-raisis-first-mistake/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/companionship-with-corrupt-importers-raisis-first-mistake/#respond Sat, 29 May 2021 10:40:07 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/companionship-with-corrupt-importers-raisis-first-mistake/

Accepted businessmen and rent-seeking importers from the famous Iranian Chamber of Commerce, in which most of its members are people loyal to the regime, invited the regime’s most questioned presidential candidate, Ebrahim Raisi, to secure their business and to derive more benefit from this candidate supported by the supreme leader of the regime, Ali Khamenei, if he becomes president.

And Raisi who now imagines himself in the presidential office in rue Pasteur accepted this invitation like the former presidents and made promises which, of course, did not please anyone, but created more uncertainty about the future. economy of the country.

The public website Eghtesad-e-Irani of February 26, 2014 on unsuccessful visits by former presidents wrote:

“Hassan Rouhani went to the Iranian Chamber of Commerce to be the second president to appear in the private sector parliament in the history of the Islamic Republic. There are just other discussions about government support for the private sector. Khatami participated in the private sector parliament during the last year of his presidency. Of course, Rafsanjani, the head of the fifth and sixth governments, and Ahmadinejad, during his eight years under the ninth and tenth governments, did not visit the Chamber of Commerce once, and although the members of the council did visited, but these visits ended without any results.

Admission to brokerage at the Chamber of Commerce

The Iranian government, due to its corrupt economic relations, looting and rent-seeking, does not allow the formation of healthy economic relations, so organizations like the Chamber of Commerce are infected with brokering and corruption, like one of its members has already stressed the importance. to clean up this corrupt atmosphere in the organization and said:

“In recent years, the private sector has been weakened by government decisions and the chamber’s lack of real capacity. Chambers play a key role in the economy of the country, but now brokers are trying to break into the chamber space, and it is not at all suitable for the chamber space and the country’s sanctioned conditions, because a broker never acts like a businessman, but only thinks about lobbying and making a profit for himself. (Eghtesad Online, February 11, 2019)

In this meeting, the House members provided a long list of the economic crises of the country like the zero percent economic growth of the country, the rising inflation rate, the catastrophic social situation of the company, etc. , to Raisi and waited for his response and opinions, but as usual, like other officials, especially the Supreme Leader, he just gave unclear answers.

“There are capacities and resources available for the growth and development of the country. But its missing link is efficient and jihadist management, and good management is the backbone of a strong economy. (Othagh-e-Bazargani, May 28, 2021)

The daily Jahan-e-Sanat attacked him and wrote: “The literature used by Ibrahim Raisi in the private sector shows that he is not familiar with macroeconomic and political economy literature, or that he did not want to focus on macroeconomic indicators such as the budget deficit as the mother of all economic ruin, the rapid rate of inflation which increasingly reduces the purchasing power of citizens, the decrease in the volume of foreign trade, which reduces Iran’s power in regional political negotiations; and other indicators such as growth in liquidity and growth in the monetary base. Of course, you don’t expect someone who has worked in the justice system all of their life to do more, but lack of awareness can also be embarrassing. (Daily Jahan-e-Sanat, May 27, 2021)

As corruption in this regime skyrockets and economic problems are endless, Raisi said, “The problems must be identified and resolved with the help of the people.”

And some people close to Khamenei’s faction criticized Raisi’s participation in this meeting, such as Vahid Ashtari, a former member of the Central Council of the Student Justice Movement, who is close to Khamenei. He said: “The holding of the first electoral rally symbolically expresses the priorities of the country’s candidate. Now, what’s the message of choosing the Chamber of Commerce as a trade union institution and meeting with respected importers in one of the biggest rent-seeking and conflict of interest bottlenecks in the country? »(Dideban-e-Iran, May 27, 2021)

Ehsan Soltani, economic journalist, also wrote in this regard: “Mr. Raisi, who is the head of the judiciary, should only review attendees of the Chamber of Commerce meeting in the following five cases:

  1. Dual nationality, family residence abroad and ownership abroad
  2. Bank arrears and debts
  3. Capital outflow from the country
  4. Take advantage of rents and concessions
  5. The rate of increase in wealth and its factors

The conclusion of this meeting is simple, which is the continuation of the grim situation of the country and the economic situation of the people.


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Ali Banisadr on the possibilities of a blank canvas – ARTnews.com http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/ali-banisadr-on-the-possibilities-of-a-blank-canvas-artnews-com/ http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/ali-banisadr-on-the-possibilities-of-a-blank-canvas-artnews-com/#respond Fri, 28 May 2021 18:46:00 +0000 http://afarin-rahmanifar.com/ali-banisadr-on-the-possibilities-of-a-blank-canvas-artnews-com/

Known for his abstract compositions, New York-based artist Ali Banisadr recently described his paintings as “quite encyclopedic” and “trying to bring together different fragments of information and knowledge from different sources,” as he said. said to Brooke Jaffe during a “ARTnews Live ”, our ongoing IGTV series featuring interviews with a range of creatives.

Influenced by classical literature and the work of old masters like Bruegel, Bosch and Goya, Banisadr admires their ability to “show humanity on a macro level”. To create his works, he said that he “fell[s] in the rabbit hole ”while looking for the images that appear throughout his work. His maximalist approach to painting begins by sitting with the “endless possibilities” of a blank canvas until an idea or feeling strikes him. To capture an ambience, Banisadr bottles his own paint color combinations, which have become the basis of his works. The rest, he says, is a “fluid process” of improvisation and happy accidents.

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[A look inside Ali Banisadr’s Brooklyn studio.]

The vibrance of his Banisadr paintings attributes to his synesthesia – a neurological condition in which stimulation of one sense causes involuntary experience in another. Growing up in Iran during the Islamic Revolution and then the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq in the 1980s, Banisadr began making drawings based on the sound of explosions.

“When I look at visual objects they can turn into sounds and when I hear certain sounds they can turn into visual objects,” he said. When he also reads, he sees “a parallel visual world” with “symbols, colors and movements”. He compares a finished painting to the harmony of a full orchestra.

Meditation is also part of Banisadr’s artistic practice. To “come into contact with painting”, he describes being in a head space similar to that of meditation, which allows him to receive “symbols and visual things that will manifest in the work”.

Banisadr’s personal exhibition “These dust spots” is currently on view at the Kasmin Gallery in New York until June 26. monograph on the Iranian painterThe artistic practice and its influences were published earlier this year by Rizzoli.


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