Afarin Rahmanifar Thu, 23 Jun 2022 18:43:21 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Afarin Rahmanifar 32 32 Europeans return to Syria, fueling tourism and attracting criticism Thu, 23 Jun 2022 14:24:00 +0000
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BEIRUT — Standing on the castle-like walls of Aleppo’s historic citadel, Nick White was shocked by the city’s destruction. The 63-year-old British tourist got to see how large parts had been flattened by the terrible civil war in Syria.

Aleppo’s ancient citadel has never been breached, its guide says, pointing to the thin slits and other openings along the walls where, 800 years ago, defenders fired arrows and poured oil boiling over the crusading invaders. In 2013, these openings became sniper positions.

The medieval fortification is surrounded by deep moats and steep walls, with the only entrance via a stone bridge resting on tall columns. The protection afforded by the citadel centuries ago was restored in 2013, when government forces locked themselves in it for three years, repelling rebels in the city below, fueled by the belief that whoever controls the citadel controls the front lines.

After years of conflict, tourists are returning to a changed Syria. This summer, locals and tour operators are reporting an increase in visitors from Western countries. Authorities resumed issuing visas in October to allow curious foreigners to see for themselves the country whose conflict once dominated TV screens and flooded Europe with refugees.

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Now, as the echoes of war die down in Syria – despite several frontlines still active – and travelers return, critics demand that visitors reflect on how their travels support a government known for its oppression and its brutality.

Criticism of these trips has grown overseas, particularly in 2019 following a brief revival in Western tourism and the ensuing flood of videos and blogs from travel influencers. followed. Anger has flared among Syrians residing abroad, many of whom have been displaced by the war and cannot return home on their own.

Syria had resumed granting tourist visas in 2018 in hopes of earning much-needed revenue, before the pandemic put an end to it.

The Syria Justice and Accountability Center, a Washington-based nonprofit, said last summer that while tourism can help the people of Syria, “mass promotion without nuance or understanding is at best irresponsible and potentially deadly” for those still living under “a government implicated in systemic human rights abuses.

White, like many of his traveling companions, knows the criticism that faces him, and everyone in his group wonders if it is “effectively supporting the Assad regime”.

“But no, we were supporting the Syrian economy,” he said. “We are supporting people on the streets, trying to inject money into the economy.”

Tours typically cost around $1,700 per person for a week-long trip that includes stops in Damascus, Aleppo, Palmyra (with its unprecedented Roman ruins) and the crusader fort of Krak des Chevaliers – considered one of finest examples of the medieval army. architecture of the region.

Where they’re not going is to the northwest, where former al-Qaeda affiliates, Turkish-backed rebels, Syrian soldiers and Russian mercenaries eye each other nervously amid talk of a new Turkish invasion. Also out of sight are the areas to the east where Iranian militants roam and where US-backed Kurdish forces are still hunting remnants of the Islamic State.

Islamic State leader dead after US raid in Syria, Biden says

All outside tourism agencies are required to work with local businesses registered with the Syrian Ministry of Tourism, who are responsible for processing visa applications and coordinating security clearances, accommodation and transportation.

While American passport holders are almost always rejected, those from Europe are increasingly allowed in, and residents of Damascus and other cities report seeing much larger numbers of tourists distinct from the usual Iranian pilgrims. Russian mercenaries and Chinese visitors.

Escorts interviewed for this article all said they were not accompanied by government guards, who are usually tasked with supervising and restricting the movement of foreign visitors.

There is one exception: an unarmed member of the Syrian army escorts each group through Palmyra, the desert city of the legendary Queen Zenobia, who took over the Roman Empire in the 3rd century. The man is usually a lieutenant who was directly involved in the battles to liberate the city from Islamic State, which conquered the area twice, in 2015 and 2017, and destroyed some of the historic ruins.

“To really hear modern history,” White said, “with ISIS and the things that they did, to see the ruins of Palmyra that they had blown up and toppled, and to hear that they executed people on stage , in the auditorium we were sitting, it was really”, he stopped, “poignant”.

The officer describes the fighting, points out the damage, answers questions. “But then he makes a little ideological speech,” said an attendant, describing “the Syrian army as national heroes.”

To give as balanced a view as possible, this particular guide ensures that its journeys include another stop, where travelers meet a member of the Free Syrian Army, a loose group of factions and fighters created as a result of the revolts which spread across the country in 2011.

Composed at first largely of soldiers and officers who defected, it fought government troops across the country, calling the areas “liberated Syria”, before collapsing due to internal conflicts and other factors, amid the rise of radical Islamist groups.

The tour leader, who spoke on condition of anonymity for security reasons as he is still working in Syria, is making sure his bands hear a different side of the story here, where the Syrian army “began to massacring and burning houses, together with Hezbollah”.

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James Willcox, founder of British travel agency Untamed Borders, said tourists resuming visits to the country give Syrians the feeling that at least some things are slowly returning to normal. “After a decade of conflict, normalization is good,” he said in a telephone interview. “It’s a really positive sign; it’s one of those symbols of better times to come.

The revival of Western tourism in Syria represents a lifeline for hotels, restaurants and small business owners, especially those in the old cities of Damascus and Aleppo, which for generations have welcomed adventurous foreigners.

But they are not the only ones to benefit financially: individuals and groups close to the government naturally also benefit. According to local reports, the US-sanctioned Katerji Group, run by two brothers who made their fortunes through the war, has plans underway to turn the former military hospital in Aleppo into a five-star resort – taking advantage of of one of the most vicious sieges of the war, which saw entire neighborhoods leveled by Russian-backed artillery.

Attempts to clear the rubble and rebuild the city are underway, but a war-torn economy, sanctions and the steep depreciation of the Syrian pound have plunged the country into a financial crisis that will prolong any reconstruction.

White said he traveled to Syria in April with Spain’s Against the Compass “because it’s just a place not many people have been, and I just wanted to see for myself.”

Visible from the citadel, whose walls were partly collapsed by a bomb in 2015, are the famous covered markets of Aleppo, once a must on the tourist route but now destroyed by fighting between the rebels and the government in 2012.” White said.

]]> Indian teachers of Persian language and literature visit Imam Reza holy shrine Thu, 23 Jun 2022 05:29:00 +0000

A group of professors of Persian language and literature from the best Indian universities of Lucknow, Bhagalpur and Khajeh Mu’in al-Din Chishti paid a visit to the central library and the museum of the holy shrine.

AhlulBayt News Agency (ABNA): A group of professors of Persian language and literature from the best Indian universities of Lucknow, Bhagalpur and Khajeh Mu’in al-Din Chishti paid a visit to the central library and the museum of the holy shrine.

Visiting the central library which contains references in 98 languages, Halim Akhtar Abu Muhammad, head of the Persian department at Bhagalpur University, said such a large and rich research center is necessary for any nation.

He also highlighted the unique architectural features of the library building and called it the pride of Iran and the Islamic world.

“It is a place for research and the religious references have paved the way for theological studies of all kinds,” Abu Muhammad said.

He further pointed out the popularity of the central library among Indians, saying that many are keen to visit the place.

Elsewhere, Malek Salim Javeed, head of the Persian department at Jawaharlal Nehru University, spoke of young Indians’ interest in learning the Persian language, calling the central library of the holy shrine an ideal place for literary research. Persian.

Praising the building’s exquisite architecture, Javeed noted, “Such a monument with so many delicate architectural features does not exist in India.”

“Iranian civilization and culture are embedded in this architecture and the use of Persian poetry in praise of Imam Reza indicates the love of Persian poets for the Imam,” Javeed argued.

He concluded that the place is ideal for research regardless of nationality and expressed his interest in conducting research on manuscripts centered on Persian literature.

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6 Mind-Blowing, Underrated Movies That Represent Animation At Its Best Wed, 22 Jun 2022 17:00:00 +0000

Animation is an incredibly versatile practice, with some of the highest-grossing films being animated classics that are now forever entwined in pop culture. It’s a genre that everyone has seen at least once in their life; ranging from family-favorite wholesome classics by major studios like disney Where Dream works to grittier, grown-up masterpieces that help explore complex ideas, but are also sadly seen by some as less important and intended only for children.

Related: Best Netflix Anime TV Series On Netflix Right Now

Although anime-inspired movies can be swept so easily into favor of their live counterparts, animation is an art form that continues to thrive. This list will include some of the most dazzling animated films of all time that deserve more love.


wolf walkers (2020)

Set in 1650s Ireland during the growing rule and influence of England and the final days of the country’s native wolf population, the Irish product wolf walkers is a beautiful, Celtic-inspired film that takes you on a mystical journey through luminous splashes of beauty and vibrant color. The film follows the friendship between an English-born daughter of a wolf hunter, Robyn, and Irish-born Mebh, who has the ability to shapeshift into a wolf when she sleeps and how outside forces and conflict interfere with each other to threaten both. Their families.

Related: A Brief History of Irish Animation from TMNT to Land Before Time

Realized by Tom Moore and Ross Stewart and produced by Cartoon Saloon, the film is the third by Moore ‘Irish Trilogy’ which includes other stunning animated films such as Kels’ secret and The Song of the Sea, which also explore Irish mythology and help bring the country’s rich history to life. The voice cast showcases the talents of many actors, including Sean Beanin an incredible performance by Robyn’s father, Bill, as well as music by DAWN it helps to add to the esoteric and magical feel that the film embodies. wolf walkersis a must watch film if you haven’t already and will make you fall even more in love with the beauty of Ireland’s forests, mythology, history and humor.

Persepolis (2007)

Originally a graphic novel created by an Iranian Marjane Satrapi documenting his childhood and life under the Iranian revolution and the subsequent rise of the regime of Islamic fundamentalism in his country, Persepolis is a black and white animated film that depicts Iran’s recent history through a striking and distinctly comedic art style. The film also explores the immigrant experience, shown when Marjane is moved to Austria for safety by her parents, then struggles to disconnect from her homeland while living halfway around the world in a country that views her as a foreigner. . Related: Best Indie Animated Movies Of All Time

The film takes full inspiration from its graphic novel lineage and adapts its animation style directly from its printed representation. It remains monochromatic like in the novel and highlights the character’s facial expressions and dialogue over colorful visuals. Persepolisis a beautiful and serious account of Satrapi’s youth and growth into adulthood through the unique lens of Iranian identity and history, using animation to tell this story in an exceptional way.

perfect blue (1997)

Legendary animator and author Satoshi Kon is known for so many brilliant works including Paprika, godfathers of Tokyo, and Millennial Actressall of which deserve their own place in this list, but if we can only narrow it down to one of his films, that place absolutely goes to his 1997 feature debut, perfect blue, a psychological thriller that blends the fabric of reality and illusion and leaves each viewer questioning their own lives. The story centers on an aspiring actress and former pop idol, Mima Kirigoe, as her relationship with her own identity takes a nosedive when her public persona literally tries to outrun her existence.

Related: ‘Perfect Blue’: How Satoshi Kon’s Anime Classic Still Resonates Almost 25 Years Later

This film is essential not only in the world of animation and anime, but also inspired directors of live action films such as Darren Aronofsky and Christopher Nolan and you can see perfect bluethe influence of in their own films. The film is so poignant due to Kon’s ever-relevant critique of fame and celebrity culture, as well as reimagining the horror figure of a look-alike to new and terrifying heights. perfect bluehelped show how animation can be used effectively in horror to create truly terrifying moments and helped pave the way for other animation work to explore dark themes and stories in new, creative and energizing ways. You might question your own identity for days after watching, but perfect blueis a film that takes you on a high-speed journey that will stay with you.

Spirit: Cimarron Stallion (2002)

As any traditional artist will tell you: horses are really difficult to draw, let alone animate, as their incredibly specific bodies, heads, and movements require such a level of precision that only the most skilled professional can replicate. That is why Spirit: Cimarron Stallion deserves a spot on this list because every animated sequence featuring horses (which makes up about 99% of the movie) is so smooth and beautiful and it’s all directed by the legendary animator, James Baxter. First published in 2002 by dream animation, the film had to compete with cinematic giants such as Star Wars: Attack of the Clones and by Sam Raimi Spider Manso it unfortunately did not receive all the appreciation it deserved at the time.

Related: “The Last Unicorn” at 40

The film’s cast includes Matt Damon as Spirit’s internal monologue, a departure from other animal-driven films that feature them talking directly, which helps to add a strong sense of realism and understanding of Spirit’s determination to reunite with his family. The film also deals with issues of the time, including Native American wars and the reality of colonialism in indigenous communities, featuring a young Lakota as the film’s second protagonist to provide audiences with a different perspective that is not usually explored. in the western genre. The beauty and grandeur of the American West is showcased perfectly here, and everyone from the toughest horsewoman to the indifferent observer can’t help but fall in love with this pony photo.

When the wind blows (1982)

With regard to the grim portrayals of nuclear fallout in the media, by Jimmy Murakima 1982 disaster animated film When the wind blows takes the cake to be the most heartbreaking. Based on the work of Raymond Briggs, known for classic children’s Christmas animation The Snowman, the film follows an elderly couple living in the idyllic English countryside who fall victim to a nuclear war beyond their control. The couple, named Hilda and Jim Bloggs and based on Briggs’ own parents, think it is possible to survive the threat of nuclear war since they also survived World War II, but as the film goes on, it is clear that they will meet a serious fate.

The film does not shy away from showing the real effects of the nuclear explosion and radiation, depicting the real consequences and human cost of using nuclear energy. The art style also incorporates live action, traditional hand-drawn animation, and stop-motion, giving it an unsettling and incredibly distinct feel. First published amid Cold War and Soviet-Afghan War fears, When the wind blowsis yet another all too apt warning of the devastation wrought by nuclear weapons.

The last unicorn (1982)

As mentioned earlier, horses are difficult to draw and unicorns look just as difficult. Also released in 1982 and featuring the legendary actress mia farrow in the titular role, The last unicorn is a fantasy adventure family animation that dared to think about what would happen if a beautiful unicorn in a magical world had an existential crisis. The film is absolutely dazzling, as any unicorn movie should be, and features incredible character designs, from the unicorn itself to the mighty red bull, not to mention a whole host of terrifying creatures like the Nightmarish Harpy.

According to the book of Peter S. Beagle, which had a very turbulent relationship with the film, it’s a bittersweet story about the tragedy of immortality and the loss of one’s identity, told through a luminous and ethereal tale of dark magic and high fantasy. The unicorn is given incredible depth, and her desperate quest to find other members of her species is fraught with complex emotions that she struggles to comprehend. The film has a very unique portrayal of unicorns that is different from how unicorns are typically portrayed in popular media. This unicorn is a little more apathetic and a bit rougher than other unicorns you might be used to, but that’s part of its charm. It’s a timeless and poignant tale, filled with gorgeous visuals to keep you entertained throughout its run.

NEXT: 8 Most Anticipated Anime Movies Of 2022

Maple confirms $10 million in unsecured loans to troubled asset manager Babel Finance Wed, 22 Jun 2022 09:14:10 +0000

Unsecured lending DeFi primitive undergoes its first major stress test.

On June 17, Babel Finance, a bitcoin financial services company offering lending and asset management services, suspended redemptions and withdrawals citing “unusual liquidity pressures” amid recent market volatility.

On June 20, the team followed up with indicating that it had eased its liquidity situation after reaching preliminary agreements with important counterparties and customers regarding the repayment of debts. Babel also noted that he had “conducted an emergency assessment of the company’s business operations to understand the liquidity status of the company.”

“Babel Finance will actively fulfill its legal responsibilities to its clients and strive to avoid further transmission and diffusion of liquidity risk,” he added.

On June 21, Maple Finance, an unsecured lending protocol, confirmed that one of its lending pools had previously provided a $10 million loan to Babel.

The pool is managed by digital asset trading firm Orthogonal Trading. Maple added that Orthogonal has been in daily contact with Babel since the company suspended withdrawals, stressing Orthogonal’s focus on “protecting the interests of lenders” and pledged to share updates as they go along. and as the situation evolves.

Twitter user 0xGeeGee replied to the situation. “The first stress test for collateral-free on-chain loans, I wish you good luck. I will follow closely,” they said.

Market stress

Babel isn’t the first Maple counterparty to struggle amid recent market turmoil.

June 13, Maple tweeted this embattled centralized crypto lender Celsius had not borrowed any funds from its pools despite operating as a lender on the platform. Maple said Celsius is the sole lender for the $20 million pool it operates, stressing that the pool has no interdependencies with other pools.

Two days later, Maple followed up with a statement saying many of its borrowers have minimal or no exposure to Celsius, concluding that any counterparty risk is effectively mitigated.

Maple also said its pool delegates have communicated with borrowers about their exposure to Three Arrows Capital (3AC), a multibillion-dollar Web3 hedge fund that is believed to be overdrawn and undercollateralized on loans borrowed from lenders. important in the sector.

Maple said most of its borrowers are unlikely to have direct exposure to 3AC, adding that borrowers it has spoken to have so far confirmed they have “minimal exposure” to Three. Arrows. “As a next step, we will be compiling updated month-end financial statements from borrowers in accordance with our usual practice,” Maple said.

Excessive risk taking

Babel has come under fire for allegedly engaging in risky business practices.

On June 18, reporter Wu Blockchain job an article noting that the company nearly wiped out in the March 2020 “Black Thursday” crash, in which the price of Bitcoin crashed 50% in less than 48 hours.

Wu claims that Babel claimed that its business was to provide USDT loans to Bitcoin miners at a loan-to-value ratio of 50% to 65%. The miners would deposit the BTC as collateral, which the company would then use as collateral to borrow the USDT which it would then lend to the miners, profiting by charging higher interest rates than it accesses the funds. But Wu alleges that Babel’s business model relied on raising funds from users to profit from rising Bitcoin prices, with the company using put options to hedge risk.

Also on June 18, Twitter user crypto_threader cited allegedly leaked recordings of Babel founder Del Wang saying “customer savings” were used to bail out the company after the Black Thursday crash.

“We went 3x long to [$]3,000, and added more to [$]4,000 using BTC as collateral to borrow,” the transcript reads. “Most of the position is not even our money.”

If the transcript is authentic, it indicates Babel’s willingness to leverage user funds to speculate on the price of BTC, suggesting that it could have gotten into trouble again amid the recent downturn.

At the time of the 2020 crash, the company was saved by partnering with centralized stablecoin issuer Tether, which agreed not to call Babel margin in exchange for gradual repayments over time. “Unlike last time, there is no longer a savior, as Tether says he is no longer working with him,” Wu wrote.

The Defiant has contacted Maple Finance and Babel Finance for further comment, but has not yet received a response. This article will be updated accordingly.

Anita Leisz: Würdigungspreis des Landes Steiermark für bildende Kunst 2020 / Yalda Afsah: Every word was once an animal – Announcements Wed, 22 Jun 2022 04:21:02 +0000

HALLE FÜR KUNST Steiermark is delighted to present the 2022 summer program with two major solo exhibitions of the work of artists Anita Leisz and Yalda Afsah. Both exhibitions present new productions and publications developed by the respective artists.

Anita Leisz
The visual language of Anita Leisz’s sculptures, objects and installations oscillates between echoes of minimal art, non-figurative painting and industrialism. Leisz relies on rather sober materials, with cold colors and shapes. Materials used in the construction industry, such as various types of fiberboard, metals and sheet metal, are prepared in several stages and placed in relation to spaces and spectators. The specific ways in which Leisz treats and shapes these industrial materials lead to remarkable results with great presence and sensitivity, testifying to the quality of his work and raising questions about the production and reception of art today.

Anita Leisz always links her artistic works to the places where they are presented and has in mind a specific intervention in these places. His exhibitions are dramatic installations that link the exterior and interior of a space inseparably with and through art; the object and the space thus lend mutual meaning to each other. By using this strategy of appropriation, Leisz resists a standardized and uniform reception. The artist offers his audience precise and immediate stagings representing different working options with a given space, making this transformability the marker of his practice. In line with this program, the artist will approach the location of his new solo exhibition with precision-crafted works of art – highly conscious artistic positions that defy perception and invite us to question what is visible and what is not. is not. Leisz deliberately avoids any kind of narrative cue here, drawing our attention entirely to the relationship between object, space and recipient.

This exhibition project is one of the consequences of the artist obtaining the Styrian State Prize in recognition of fine arts in 2020.

Organized by Sandro Droschl.

Yalda Afsah
The human relationship with animals and the agency surrounding this interaction are central to the work of German-Iranian artist Yalda Afsah. In collaboration with Kunstverein München, HALLE FÜR KUNST Steiermark presents its first institutional solo exhibition, focusing on issues of power, care and control in relation to domestication. Using three examples – bullfighting, horse training and pigeon breeding – she examines the blurred lines between affection and identification with animals on the one hand, and human submission and domination of somewhere else.

In the conditioning of animals, anthropocentric power relations become evident. Afsah’s works reveal the ambiguous nature of the forces operating at the center of these relationships. She directs our gaze to the moments when the bodies of humans and animals are marked by a strange closeness: the camera lingers on the aesthetic but unnatural movements of a horse, focuses on the concentrated aggression of a bull , or follows the gazes of men searching the sky for pigeons performing falls.

In old Eurocentric definitions of social space, exclusion has long been inscribed. As the philosopher Fahim Amir writes: “a place to which neither animals, nor plants, nor slaves, nor women had access, but only the free anthropos who prowled intelligently”, while the others struggled the edges. It is precisely these margins that Afsah focuses on in its work, because it is where we decide who cares or subjugates whom, and who is even defined as an independent subject in the first place. Animals themselves appear in Afsah’s works as protagonists and living beings — not just under the gaze of their human companions.

Organized by Maurin Dietrich and Cathrin Mayer.

The HALLE FÜR KUNST Steiermark is supported by the regional government of Styria, the Austrian Federal Ministry for Arts, Culture, Civil Service and Sport and the City of Graz.

Press inquiries: =(c=c.charCodeAt(0)+13)?c:c-26);});return false”>Helga Droschl

Ancient Jewish text preserves real-world remedies Tue, 21 Jun 2022 14:33:05 +0000

People usually turn to rabbis for spiritual guidance, but the Babylonian Talmud, a collection of traditions produced by Jews living in ancient Persia, 224-651 CE, also contains a lot of medical knowledge, according to a new book by a Cornell author.

In “Medicine in the Talmud: Natural and Supernatural Therapies Between Magic and Science”, Jason Mokhtarian argues that the rabbis subscribed to a common medical culture that they shared with pagans, Christians, Mandaeans, and other schools of thought therapies, while at the same time making it their own.

“Therapies are strange and inherently interesting texts, and always lead to the best discussions in class,” said Mokhtarian, associate professor of Near Eastern studies and holder of the Herbert and Stephanie Neuman Chair of Jewish Studies and Iranian studies. He came to appreciate the intricacy of the medical material in the Babylonian Talmud, also known as the Bavli, while teaching the text to undergraduate students.

“Compared to other Jewish cultures, the Babylonian Talmud downplays the role of God and sin in human disease and health, and instead promotes the idea that God permitted humans to heal themselves using the natural world that ‘he created, like plants and animals,’ Mokhtarian wrote.

He spoke with the College of Arts and Sciences about the book.

Question: What is your favorite remedy in the Bavli?

A: There are many interesting ones, but one of my favorites is the following (magical) therapy for a daylong fever, which involves trapping an ant in a tube and reciting a phrase that transfers the fever to the ant:

Abaye said: Mom told me, For a fever of a day, take a money zuz coin and go to a salt pit and weigh its weight in salt, and [then] tie [the salt] to the empty space of the neck with a yellow string. Otherwise, you have to sit at a crossroads and when you see a big ant carrying something, you have to take [the ant] and insert it into a tube of bronze, and close it with lead and seal it with sixty seals, and shake it and scatter it, and say to [the ant]”My burden on you, your burden on me.”

Q: Your book often mentions nearby medicine and magic, including in the title. What is the connection in the Bavli?

A: Magic and medicine were intertwined phenomena in Late Antiquity, and the ancient Jews did not always distinguish between the two categories, as we often do today. There has of course been a long debate among researchers from various disciplines regarding the right definitions and the issues of using the category “magic” to study ancient cultures. Magic is a large category that includes amulets, spells, voodoo dolls, astrology, exorcisms, among others – including healing and medicine.

For the most part, scholars of rabbinic literature research medicine as a subcategory of magick. On the one hand, there is a logic to this choice, since healing was certainly one of the fundamental purposes of ancient magical texts and artifacts. The ancient Jews believed in the power and efficacy of sympathetic rituals and powerful words and objects to control harmful supernatural demons and bodily diseases.

Yet, as I argue in the book, it is equally important to remember that in the Talmud, not all magic is medicine, and not all medicine is magic. In other words, scholars who classify Talmudic medicine in the category of magick tend to ignore therapies that have little or no identifiable magical elements, such as those that use natural ingredients to be consumed or applied to the body. body. It is these latter therapies—the most empirical, so to speak—that actually make up the bulk of the Talmudic medical tradition.

Q: Today, in the age of advanced medicine, is there good practical medical advice in the Babylonian Talmud? Or anything particularly off-base or downright dangerous?

A: Historically, rabbis had different criteria and ideas on how to determine whether a certain therapy was effective or not. Presumably, the rabbis believed the therapies worked, otherwise they would not have preserved them in the Talmud. There is no reason to dismiss out of hand that some of the more empirical therapies (e.g., potions, medicines, salves, etc.), based on detailed knowledge of the medicinal properties of plants and plant parts specific animals, may have been effective in treating certain ailments.

That said, for the most part today it must be assumed that most (but not all) of the archaic therapies of the Talmud would not be deemed effective by contemporary scientific standards. In fact, it is this perception that therapies are magical, superstitious, and ineffective that has led to a long marginalization of therapies throughout Jewish history, beginning shortly after the writing of the Talmud and continuing until today. today. We see this skeptical attitude towards Talmudic medicine already in the writings of Rav Sherira Gaon, the head of the Pumbedita academy in the 10th century, who simply says that “our sages were not doctors”.

Kate Blackwood is a writer for the College of Arts and Sciences.

The Lending System Market Is Booming Globally Mon, 20 Jun 2022 15:27:51 +0000

In the recently released report, Market Reports provided a unique insight into the global market Lending systems market for the forecast period (2022-2031). The report has covered the important aspects which are contributing to the growth of the global market Lending systems market. The main objective of this report is to highlight the various key market dynamics such as drivers, trends, and restraints that are impacting the global market. Lending systems market. This report provided an indication to readers on the current state of the market.

Scope of the Global Lending System Market:

This report begins with an overview of the global situation Lending systems market. The report highlights industry trends and opportunities that have influenced the global market Lending systems market. An in-depth analysis of each market size and major players in various geographical regions has been covered in this report.

Market Reports has included detailed analysis of the global market Lending systems market. The report has offered important insights into the factors that are impacting and driving the global market sales. Lending systems market. The report includes segments along with a competitive landscape that outlines various activities such as mergers, acquisitions, and partnerships.

The report has also analyzed the changing trends to provide detailed information to the readers about the market. According to the team of expert analysts, several macroeconomic factors such as gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, etc. directly or indirectly affect the development of the global market. Lending systems market.

Companies Mentioned: Ellie Mae, Calyx Software, FICS, Fiserv, Byte Software, PCLender, LLC, Mortgage Builder Software, Mortgage Cadence (Accenture), Wipro, Tavant Tech, DH Corp, Lending QB, Black Knight, ISGN Corp, Pegasystems, Juris Technologies, SPARK, Axcess Consulting Group, turnkey lender, VSC

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Segment by Type– On-Premise– Cloud-Based Segment by Application– Banks– Credit Unions– Mortgage Lenders & Brokers– Other

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Market data: Global market volume and value data with growth analysis for 2022-2031

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Main actors : Private Label and Brand Market Share, Private Label Growth Analysis 2022-2031

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The important regions covered by the reports of Lending systems market are North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Asia Pacific and Middle East & Africa. North America should rule the world Lending systems market during the forecast year (2022-2031). Asia-Pacific regions such as China and India are expected to contribute to the growth of the global market Lending systems market in the near future.

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Global Lending systems Sales and Revenue by Applicants

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Stranded in Iran: Refugee theater maker Peyvand Sadeghian recounts the experience that shaped her career Mon, 20 Jun 2022 14:36:09 +0000

To mark World Refugee Day 2022, Euronews Culture tells the stories of refugee artists and performers in Europe.

The worst birthday in the life of Peyvand Sadeghian? When she turned 11 during an extended stay in Iran.

“My family tried to make it fun, but it didn’t really work,” says the actor, director and performer.

When she was 10, Sadeghian’s father took her to Iran to visit his extended family, from whom he was separated when he fled the Islamic revolution at the age of 17.

Arriving in the UK as a minor, Sadeghian’s father had settled down and started a family, eventually obtaining British citizenship for her and her sister.

One day, Sadeghian’s father decided to take him to meet his family in Iran.

Despite her father’s obvious discomfort telling her she should wear a headscarf when they arrived, Sadeghian was thrilled to see her family’s home country and meet her grandparents.

“I had never been abroad. I was just excited to be on a plane…I was excited about all the amazing food,” she says. “I didn’t really have a sense of the seriousness of it.”

Stranded in Iran as a dual national

A new reality set in as she left her flight, as bloodline nationality laws in Iran did not recognize her British naturalization.

Sadeghian was forced to obtain a new Iranian passport and a new name, Parisa.

“There were a lot of things that I didn’t understand or didn’t understand. What do I am not British? said Sadeghian.

“Nobody was talking to me or being honest with me,” she adds. “I was hearing conversations and trying to piece together what was going on.”

For more than a year, she was stuck in an effectively foreign country. Her father was arrested and the British government ignored his case.

Throughout her stay in Iran, Sadeghian had packed her bags, ready to leave at a moment’s notice.

Refugee: discovering a part of myself

Sadeghian eventually returned to the UK, but it wasn’t until she was 18 that Sadeghian really understood the implications of what had happened, or the underlying causes.

Now in her twenties, she looks back on her time there with a mixture of confusion and bewilderment, a child in an adult world, where even adults were crippled by the Iranian state.

“It wasn’t until I got my own passport that I looked at these papers saying I was a refugee, saying I didn’t have the right to work even though I was a child, and that I saw the naturalization papers,” she said.

“It’s something we’ve never really talked about.

“It was a very strange experience to discover a part of yourself that you weren’t aware of.”

This realization that scraps of paper and the powerful interstate relationships they represent can shape a life has fueled Sadeghian’s work.

Now a rising star, how does this story affect Sadeghian’s acting career?

What it means to be both British and Iranian

“Dual,” his 2020 theatrical show, soon to be revived and back on the road, tells the story of his time in Iran and the effects it had on the rest of his life.

This left him with a lasting distaste for the fate of individuals dictated by geopolitics.

“You are at the mercy of all the relationships that are maintained at the top, I find that quite disgusting,” she says.

‘Dual’ was followed by many immigrants and refugees, opening up conversations about the difficulties of obtaining established status and being mired in bureaucracy.

Sadeghian’s distinctive voice is something of a reaction to the silence surrounding her childhood experiences, and the irony of making art about an oppressive regime under which she could never be so expressive is not lost for her.

“I was really touched, it’s a conversation that people don’t really have the opportunity to have with each other,” she adds.

Multimedia practice for a sensory scenic experience

Sadeghian uses many methods to communicate his vision, which is usually well documented from conversations, academic papers, and books before he started creating.

“I really am an all-around creator. I gather that material and then I rework from that in terms of form,” she says.

Over a career in which she has faced the barriers of being mixed-race and working-class, Sadeghian has acquired an impressive arsenal of skills she can use to engage audiences with complex ideas.

His work often has a multimedia bent, involving puppets or mediums to represent social media.

In a collaborative project titled “Rich Kids: A History of Shopping Malls in Tehran,” Sadeghian took to Instagram on stage to show the “rabbit holes” people can go down in the private world of their phones. ‘

Dual’ even included voice notes from his father, who now lives in China.

“I think he’s happy that I’m working on this, but it was also pretty hard for him to talk about it without fuming and raving,” she adds.

Netflix, Amazon Prime and beyond

After years of struggling with the financial burden of an early acting career, Sadeghian found her place on screen in shows that would soon make her a familiar face.

His upcoming projects include a part in a ‘Bridgerton’ spin-off on Netflix that tells the origin story of iconic motorwoman Queen Charlotte, while Sadeghian is also a cast member in from Amazon Prime adaptation of the hit feminist allegory “The Power”.

However, despite quickly gaining widespread fame, the actor is refreshing, which is perhaps why his work is so relevant.

“There are things creeping in the UK and it’s really important to be aware of that and not constantly pat yourself on the back,” Sadeghian says.

But even as his star rises, the creative spirit can never quite let go of his childhood in Iran.

“I often think that if I didn’t leave, what would this version of life be like? ” she says.

Kazakh president visits Iran amid nuclear challenges Sun, 19 Jun 2022 12:15:05 +0000

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky hailed Brussels’ support for his embattled country’s bid to join the European Union as a “historic” achievement.

The European Commission has recommended that Ukraine and Moldova gain EU candidate status, a move that marks the start of what is likely to be a long journey towards full EU integration.

The recommendation, announced by Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on June 17, will be discussed by leaders of the bloc of 27 at a summit next week in Brussels. The launch of accession negotiations requires the unanimous approval of all member countries.

The European body’s unprecedented move comes as Kyiv wages a devastating war against Russia, which on February 24 launched an unprovoked invasion of its neighbor that has killed tens of thousands of people and caused massive material destruction. .

Even though joining the EU could still take years, Zelenskiy, in his nightly video speech, called the decision a “historic achievement” and said it would “certainly bring our victory closer” against Russia.

“Ukrainian institutions maintain their resilience even under war conditions. Ukrainian democratic habits have not lost their power even now,” Zelenskiy said late June 17.

Announcing the decision, Von der Leyen hailed Ukrainians’ attachment to European values ​​and their sacrifices in the war against the unprovoked invasion of Russia.

“We all know that Ukrainians are ready to die for the European perspective. We want them to live the European dream with us,” von der Leyen told a press conference in Brussels.

In a largely symbolic move, Zelenskiy also announced that Ukraine would abolish visa-free entry for Russians from next month.

“According to a decision planned by the Cabinet of Ministers, Ukraine will introduce a visa regime for Russian citizens from July 1, 2022,” he said.

In Chisinau, Moldovan President Maia Sandu also greeted the announcement by the European Commission, pledging that the Moldovans will “work hard” to achieve permanent membership of the EU.

“The recommendation is based on the understanding that our country would put more effort into key areas such as justice reform, anti-corruption, public administration and human rights,” Sandu said. .

“This is an important moment for the future of the Republic of Moldova, and this is the hope that our citizens need,” she said on Telegram, adding that “we know the process will be difficult. , but we are determined to follow this path”. .”

The commission said another candidate that submitted for membership this spring, Georgia, would only receive candidate status once it met certain conditions.

“He is expected to gain candidate status once a number of priorities have been addressed,” the commission said in a statement.

A man in Tbilisi attends a rally in support of Geogia’s bid for EU membership on June 16.

“To succeed, the country must now unite politically, to chart a clear path towards structural reform and the European Union – a path that concretely defines the necessary reforms, involves civil society and enjoys broad political support” , he added. von der Leyen said at the press conference.

Reacting to the announcement, the Kremlin said it was closely following Ukraine’s efforts to become a member of the EU.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the issue “requires our increased attention, as we are all aware of the intensification of discussions in Europe about strengthening the defense component of the EU.”

“There are various transformations that we are watching most carefully,” he said in a phone briefing with reporters.

Brussels’ groundbreaking decision was widely expected after it was recommended by the leaders of the EU’s three biggest economies during a June 16 visit to the Ukrainian capital.

French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi said after a meeting with Zelenskiy that they were in favor of Ukraine being given “immediate” candidate status.

The visit was fraught with symbols of EU support for Zelenskiy, who called on the European Union to offer his country membership through a shortened procedure that would amount to a ‘powerful response’ to the unprovoked invasion of Russia.

Zelenskiy presented Ukraine’s application for EU membership shortly after the start of the Russian invasion on February 24, followed immediately by Moldova and Georgia.

With reporting by Rikard Jozwiak of RFE/RL, Reuters, AP and AFP
Do Kwon and Terraform Labs Hit by Class Action Lawsuit Sat, 18 Jun 2022 17:51:50 +0000

Do Kwon, Terra’s “broken-hearted” co-creator, headlines a series of named defendants in a class action filed in U.S. District Court for Northern California on Friday.

Kwon is joined by a group that includes Terraform Labs, Jump Crypto and Three Arrows Capital. Plaintiff Nick Patterson alleges, among other charges, that the Terra tokens were sold as “unregistered securities” and that the “The defendants made a
series of false and misleading statements regarding the largest digital assets in the Terra ecosystem by market capitalization, UST and LUNA, in order to induce investors to buy these digital assets at inflated prices. »

Kwon and Daniel Shin started Terraform Labs in 2018, initially with the goal of disrupting payment giants like PayPal. Later that year, the pair raised $32 million, and in 2019 an initial coin offering raised $62 million.

UST and LUNA imploded last month, wiping out tens of billions of dollars in value, for which Kwon has been pilloried online. After promising that Terra’s dollar-pegged algorithmic stablecoin couldn’t collapse, while also attacking rivals on Twitter, sympathy was scarce.

But that still didn’t stop the Terra community from endorsing “Terra 2.0” following the staggering collapse, a project that included creating a new LUNA token and relegating the previous one to “LUNA Classic” status. , to swap under LUNC instead.

As of this writing, the new LUNA is trading at $1.81down from the initial high of $19.54, according to CoinMarketCapwhile LUNC hovered around $0.00005.

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