Hamas begins deploying unmanned sea vehicles from Gaza

A few days ago, the IDF spokesperson’s unit said, Israeli navy personnel identified suspicious activity in the northern Gaza Strip near the coastal infrastructure of the Hamas naval force. . Navy troops, aided by intelligence, were monitoring a number of naval force members and their movements. On Monday, May 17, forces identified a weapon, suspected of being a submersible vessel, which was taken towards the beach by members of the unit, and which was apparently going to be sent on a mission in the maritime sector. Israeli. area.

A force of the Navy and planes attacked the members of the unit in their vehicle, as well as the small submarine, and eliminated them. Following the incident, the IDF spokesperson’s unit said for the first time that Hamas has unmanned submarines that operate autonomously and navigate using GPS systems. These small submarines are equipped with a warhead with 50 kg of explosives. Once the submarines are launched, they move towards their targets and explode.

The Hamas research and development organization has been trying for several years to develop unmanned ships that will be operated by the Hamas naval force. It can be seen that there are two types of unmanned ships that Hamas is trying to develop. One type is a surface vessel, i.e. a converted speedboat or a fishing vessel that is either remotely controlled or programmed to operate autonomously.

The purpose of these ships in times of calm is to gather intelligence on Israeli forces, while in times of conflict they are intended for use with a large quantity of explosives against navy ships and platforms. forms of gas, serving as suicide ships that are operated remotely using wireless. or cellular communications. These ships are equipped with technologies such as radars and cameras that allow them to be remotely controlled and directed to their targets.

The second type of vessel is the submersible or semi-submersible vessel called a glider. This type of vessel has the ability to stay underwater or at a low point above the waves, so the ability of the Navy to locate it is very limited. This type of ship is used for missions similar to those of unmanned ships.

The Hamas R&D organization aims to acquire knowledge, systems and technologies for the development and manufacture of these ships on the basis of Iranian knowledge, academic research obtainable from the Internet, and professional literature. But it does so mainly on the basis of reverse engineering and upgrading autonomous commercial vessels that can be acquired freely for maritime research purposes, and even from relevant sites on the Internet.

The Iranians are very advanced in the development of autonomous unmanned ships, and in Iran these types of ships are on display from time to time. These types of ships have even been used in recent years for suicide bombings by Yemen’s Houthi rebels against Saudi Navy ships.

Hamas and Hezbollah understand that in naval warfare their forces are technologically inferior to Israel’s. In order to cope with such naval warfare, the naval forces of both terrorist organizations are developing doctrine and armament comprising a wide variety of rockets, cruise missiles, naval mines, speedboats and unmanned ships. The combination of these means in an attack, namely a swarm attack, will, in their opinion, enable them to overcome their inferiority on the naval battlefield against Israel.

The battle against Hamas and Hezbollah continued in the naval realm, but it received little media coverage. Hamas and Hezbollah understand that the sea is a main artery of the State of Israel and have set themselves the goal of attacking the country’s vital infrastructure at sea and on the coast. It is therefore likely that terrorist organizations will launch bolder and more sophisticated attacks against this infrastructure.


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