Shiraz, as the city of prominent Iranian poets Saadi and Hafez, and with great experience in the history and culture of this land, holds a special place among Iranians.
It is one of the most historic cities in Iran, a spectacular city with many gardens and historical monuments that welcomes thousands of tourists every year.
The beautiful city of Shiraz, known as the city of poetry, the city of orange and bergamot, has been added to the list of world cities of UNESCO, as a world city of handicrafts, after World Crafts Council assessments.
On National Shiraz Day, every year special programs are organized by Shiraz Municipality on this day. Some local musicians organize concerts and sing now forgotten traditional and folk songs. Rural women wearing special costumes serve traditional foods and bread that they bake to visitors.
Shiraz is one of the largest cities in Iran and the most important city in central Fars province. It is located in the southwest of Iran in the mountainous region of Zagros, a very important protection for the strategic location of Shiraz.
There is no definitive record of its existence before the end of the 7th century CE, but few archaeological finds dating from 1933 and beyond indicate that the site or the vicinity of Shiraz was probably settled in the era. pre-Islamic as early as the 6th century BC.
The modern city was founded or restored by the Umayyads in 693 and rose to prominence under successive Iranian Saffarid and Buyid dynasties in the 9th and 10th-11th centuries, respectively. It was the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 to 1800.
According to historical records, the name ‘Shiraz’ was inspired by the writings on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC. The name Shiraz also appears on clay seals found in a 2nd-century CE Sasanian ruin to the east of the city. By some of the native writers, the name Shiraz is derived from a son of Tahmuras, the third Shāh (king) of the world according to Ferdowsi’s Shāhnāma.
The average annual temperature in Shiraz is 18°C and the average annual rainfall in this city is 337 mm. Its summer is hot but fall and winter are not so cold.
Shiraz has a rich cultural and historical past and is known as the city of poets, literature, flowers and gardens in Iran.
Shiraz is the city of love and literature and the origin of the first samples of Persian gardens is a unique example of the hospitality and warmth of its people.
Many famous Iranian poets and philosophers were born in Shiraz and played an important role in Shiraz’s fame, including Saadi, Hafez and Mulla Sadra.
In the 13th century, Shiraz became the City of Science (Dar-ol-Elm) due to the prosperity of science, culture and art.
Wooden handicrafts like inlay, which can be more famous than all other handicrafts of Shiraz, woodcarving, marquetry, pottery and ceramic handicrafts like pottery, mosaic faience, Cuerda Seca, metal works like silverware and carving, handwoven products like Kilim and Gabbeh, mat weaving, as well as traditional glassblowing with a long history, felting, stucco, Giveh weaving and miniature painting, have made of Shiraz the world city of handicrafts in 2020, as well as three other cities and villages of Iran.
Like other cities in Iran, Shiraz has its own traditional cuisines.
“Shirazi salad” is a delicious and famous salad available all over Iran, made with cucumbers, tomatoes, onions and a simple dressing of lemon juice and olive oil.
‘Kalam polo’ is a traditional food cooked only in Shiraz. It is made with rice, meatballs, chopped cabbage, and a few other vegetables and spices.
‘Ashe Sabzi’ is a kind of soup made from vegetables and meat.
‘Shirazi Faloodeh’ is a traditional Iranian sorbet-like cold dessert. It consists of thin vermicelli-sized noodles made from starch in a semi-frozen syrup containing sugar and rose water. Faloodeh is often served with lime juice.
Best time to visit
The best time to go to Shiraz is in May when the streets are full of the scent of orange blossoms. The climate of Shiraz is generally pleasant during this month. Visiting one of the most beautiful cities in Iran will take at least three or four days to explore all the landmarks of the city.
Shiraz is considered one of the most important tourist centers in Iran with beautiful and picturesque attractions that attract many domestic and foreign tourists every year.
Here is a list of the most popular attractions you will find in the historic city of Shiraz.
Shah Cheragh is a sacred monument in Shiraz. It is the tomb of Ahmad and Muhammad, the sons of Imam Musa Kazim (the 7th Shia Imam) and the brothers of Imam Reza (the 8th Shia Imam).
It was built during the reign of Atabakan of Fars in the 12th century.
Narenjestan or garden of Qavam:
It is a traditional and historic Shiraz house which dates back to the Qajar era. Due to the abundance of sour orange trees, it is called Narenjestan.
Tomb of Saadi:
Saadi’s tomb is located in southern Shiraz. His mausoleum, also called Saadieh, is one of Iran’s main tourist attractions. The tomb was first built in the 13th century. However, after being destroyed in the 17th century, it remained intact until the current building was constructed in the 1950s.
Many Persian elements were used in its architecture. It is also a national heritage site.
Every year, a number of scholars and scholars from around the world gather at the mausoleum on April 20 to commemorate the great Persian.
It is a historic Persian garden that belonged to the chiefs of the Qashqai tribe before it was confiscated by the central government. The garden and the building it contains are located on the northern bank of the Khoshk River in the province of Fars.
They are open to the public as a historic landscape garden. They are listed as World Heritage and protected by Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization.
Tomb of Hafez:
The Mausoleum of Hafez, commonly known as Hafezieh, are two memorial structures erected on the northern outskirts of Shiraz, Iran, in memory of the famous Persian poet Hafez.
The tomb, its gardens and the surrounding memorials, among other great figures, are the focus of tourism in Shiraz.
Argument from Karim Khan:
Karim Khan’s Arg or Karim Khan Citadel is a citadel located in downtown Shiraz. It was built as part of a complex during the Zand dynasty. It bears the name of Karim Khan and served as his accommodation. It is rectangular in shape and resembles a medieval fortress.
Nasir ol Molk Mosque:
It is one of the finest and most photographed pieces of architecture in Shiraz which was built during the Qajar dynasty at the end of the 19th century. It is one of the most unique and different mosques in Iran. The mosque is famous for its colored glasses and its tiles are one of a kind.
Mainly known as the “pink mosque” because its tiles are beautifully decorated with an eminently rosy pink color, it is also called the “mosque of colors”, the “mosque of the rainbow” or the ” mosque of the kaleidoscope”.
It is a museum complex that was built in 1863. It contains a former royal mansion, a museum of historical weapons and a Persian garden, all of which are open to the public.
One of the most important artistic and historical buildings, which remained from the Zand period, is the Vakil Mosque. It was used as a place for Friday prayers a few years ago. The tiles of this building are one of the best that show the art of Iranian tilers and painters of the 12th century AH
It is the main bazaar of Shiraz located in the historical center of the city. This bazaar had been built by order of Karim Khan Zand (Iranian king) about 200 years ago.
It has beautiful courtyards, caravanserais, bathhouses and old shops which are considered among the best places in Shiraz to buy all kinds of Persian carpets, spices, copper handicrafts and antiques.
It is the most famous bath in Shiraz which is one of the monuments of Karim Khan Zand built by his order in Shah Square area, next to Vakil Mosque.
This large bathroom incorporates the most advanced principles of Zand architecture. One of the interesting parts of this bathroom is a special place named “Shahneshin” which was special for kings.
Vakil Bath was converted into a restaurant and later into an ethnography museum to identify the culture and traditions of the people of Shiraz.
It is a historic gate located at the northeastern entrance to the city, on the way to Marvdasht and Isfahan.
During the time of the Zand dynasty, it had suffered a lot of damage, so it was restored and a small room at the top was added, in which were kept handwritten Qurans by Sultan Ibrahim Bin Shahrukh Gurekani.
Travelers passing under the gates were believed to receive the blessing of the Holy Book at the start of their journey or journey from Shiraz.