The main objective of the exhibition is to introduce craftsmanship in the form of oyster ornaments to lovers of works of art that combine tradition and modernity by presenting objects in a prestigious and artistic place.
History of ornaments in Iran
Human beings have always felt the need for ornaments and jewelry and they have always welcomed and appreciated such luxury items in all times.
The story tells us that in the year 2000 BC, the inhabitants of the Iranian plateau started making jewelry and ornaments using colored beads. In this way, they showed their love for decorative objects and ornaments.
Archaeological studies show that the first ornaments used by humans were the teeth and claws of animals they had hunted.
These objects were connected to each other with a cord of natural fibers and formed a new group of beads that looked very beautiful.
The oldest ornaments used by man are artificially drilled oysters. After the manufacture of metal ornaments and the use of gold, silver and precious stones, these ornaments were mainly used in the manufacture of royal necklaces, crowns, bracelets, weapons and war hardware for the kings, costumes and female half-crowns for dignitaries.
Median culture and civilization are known as the pioneers of art style. Following the rise of the Achaemenid Empire, ancient Eastern cultures and civilizations came closer than ever and this marked a turning point in history.
These molluscs have one or two oysters (valvia) which are made of lime. The shell of oysters is often made of silicate. Some species of oysters are edible. But in Iran, people mainly use them for their beads.
Oysters that produce pearls are categorized as bivalves and they are also used to make jewelry.
The island of Ceylon, the Red Sea, the Philippine Islands and Japan are home to the world’s major oyster mines. But the most important oyster mines are in the Persian Gulf.
Oyster processing techniques require sufficient know-how and skill because if their shell is so hard, they could also easily crack and break.
The most expensive oysters are black, pink and blue. However, whites and creams are more popular.
Benefits of Using Oyster in Ornaments
Being a natural color palette, oysters emit most of the colored light in the world. Blue, green and gold are the colors that can be found in an oyster.
In stone therapy, oysters are used to soothe muscle aches and even heart and gastrointestinal disorders.
An exhibition featuring traditional and handmade Iranian oyster ornaments is underway at Iran’s Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts.