Pakistan was created as a result of the division of British India. Then the princely states across India were given the option of choosing one of the dominions, India or Pakistan, to join. This right to join, under the Indian Independence Act of 1947, was limited to leaders only, and subjects had no role to play in this decision. The Pakistani movement originally started as the Aligarh movement and as a result British Indian Muslims began to develop a political identity. Soon after, the All India Muslim League was formed, which marked the start of the Pakistani movement as a religio-political thought process. Most of the movement’s top leaders were educated in England, at Aligarh Muslim University and Dhaka University.
The Pakistani movement was a political movement in the first half of the 20th century that aimed and succeeded in creating Pakistan out of the Muslim-majority regions of British India. The Lahore resolution was passed by the Musim League which caught the imagination of politically oriented Muslims in India. The movement was part of India’s independence movement, but ultimately sought to establish a new nation state that protected the political interests of Indian Muslims. Urdu poets such as Iqbal and Faiz have used literature, poetry, and the spoken word as a powerful tool for political awareness.
The fundamental difference between the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and other Islamic nations is their national identities, which mark the national priorities of a nation. If we look at the Arab countries, they claim that they are first Arab and then Muslims. In Iran, they claim to be Iranian first, then Muslims. The inhabitants of the countries of Turkish race like Azerbaijan, Turkey claim that they are first Turkish and later Muslim. All the countries of Central Asia are attached to their civilizational and cultural moorings and they do not even allow Arabic names to be given to their children. Indonesia is the largest Muslim nation in the world, but it has great love and respect for its millennial culture, traditions and heritage. This indeed speaks of the rich wisdom of many Muslim countries.
But in Pakistan, they are called Punjabi in Punjab, Sindhi in Sindh, Baluchi in Balochistan and Pathans in Khyber Pakhtunkhua, etc. They’ve been educated all these decades to hate India first, then identify as Muslims, then as Pakistanis. Hatred of India is a national duty that people in Pakistan are supposed to nurture. Their love and respect for their age-old civilization and culture is insignificant. Pakistan has ceased to be a representative of its thousands of years of past history because it believes it is Hindu history and has a deep connection to Indian ethics. Such a loathing in mind for past history was also naturally reflected in the treatment of its founding fathers. It was only natural for a nation that has abandoned its history and its civilization to give a cold shoulder to its founding fathers. While the Indian freedom fighters are respected in their country, those who are behind the creation of Pakistan have been neglected and practically put in the trash of history.
How did Pakistan get its name? “Pak” means holy and Pakistan means holy place. This name was given by Chowdhary Rahmat Ali. He lived in Uttar Pradesh but his grandfather had moved to London. Rahmat Ali was a student at Cambridge University in London who published a pamphlet in 1933. In this pamphlet he discussed the future of Muslims in India and called for a separate nation. It was the same pamphlet in which he named Pakistan. After the formation of Pakistan, he came to Pakistan from London. It was the first time he had left London. When he saw the attitude of the Pakistani government, he commented on the Pakistani government regarding the killing of Hindu and Sikh minorities and said that the Pakistani government is not deliberately stopping the killing of minorities. He believed that Hindus and Sikhs should be expelled from Pakistan to India, but the Pakistani government was deliberately slaughtering them. He was arrested by the Pakistani government within 15 days and was kept in prison with all of his property confiscated. He was expelled from Pakistan and sent to London with no money. He died in a very poor state in Great Britain in February 1951. There was great agitation as to who should bear the costs of his funeral. His grave is in London.
After that we come to Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who is called Qaide-Azam in Pakistan. Although he created Pakistan, some people in Pakistan disliked him because he drank alcohol, smoked cigars and had never performed Hajj. He had also never offered Namaz in his life, so fundamentalists in Pakistan called him by name and were still angry with him. He was a patient with tuberculosis and kidney problems. At that time, tuberculosis was considered an incurable disease. He fell very ill in Quetta and was flown to Karachi. The ambulance was waiting at Karachi airport. He was transported on a stretcher and put in an ambulance. The ambulance stopped due to an error en route. No other ambulance was arranged for him. During this time, Jinnah fell into a coma and was transferred to the hospital in this state. But he was found dead when he reached his destination.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s wife and daughter left Pakistan and came to India during his lifetime, and Jinnah’s real sister’s condition became more dangerous than Jinnah’s. She was a dentist at Kolkata Medical College, had her first marriage to a non-Muslim, which is why the radicals in Pakistan did not like her. After Jinnah’s death, Fatima Ali Jinnah entered politics and became very popular in Sindh province. The radical Maulanas did not like Fatima and was assassinated. As his funeral procession was unfolding, his body was thrown to the ground and police had to open fire in Karachi. Several gas pumps were set on fire and 12 people died in the riots.
Now we come to Liaqat Ali Khan. He was one of the men who fought for Pakistan. Liaquat Ali Khan also resided in Uttar Pradesh and was a student at Aligarh Muslim University. He was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and made an agreement with his counterpart Pt. Nehru regarding the treatment of minorities in their respective countries. It is in this agreement that the two countries agreed to give full rights to their minorities in their respective countries and also to create a separate system for them in the constitution. In India, the deal was generally well received, but it angered radicals and extremists in Pakistan and, as a result, Liaqat Ali was assassinated. And the big surprise was that the killers only got out of prison after a few years and on their release, they were warmly welcomed by the population. After that, temporarily, two or three MPs ruled and finally the army took power.
Another important role in the creation of Pakistan is that of Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy. He resided in Midnapore, then in East Pakistan, his father was a well-known High Court judge in Kolkata. Suhrawardy himself had been deputy mayor of Calcutta and had also served as mayor of Midnapore. He played the most important role in the creation of Pakistan when at the call of Jinnah Day of Direct Action, he led thousands of people to Midnapore, Dhaka and Chittagong on the miserable day that made thousands dead. On the same day, the British, Gandhi and Nehru were so afraid of the massacre of the Hindus that they accepted Pakistan’s request. In this way, Suhrawardy has the biggest role in establishing Pakistan. After the formation of Pakistan, present-day Bangladesh was part of Pakistan becoming East Pakistan for almost three decades and Suhrawardy was also appointed fifth Prime Minister of Pakistan. Along with Urdu, he also proposed to make Bengali the official language of Pakistan, due to which radical Muslims in Pakistan turned against him and the army also revolted against him. In just 13 months, he was ousted from power. One of his daughters and his son were also murdered, later he was expelled from Pakistan and he lived in Beirut and died there in oblivion. Later, when a new country was formed, the government of Bangladesh opened the graves in Beirut and buried it in Dhaka.
Lawyer Zafarullah Khan also played a big role in establishing Pakistan, he was an Ahmadiyya and was a well known lawyer, he discussed Pakistan’s needs extensively in many forums and before the UK government. He also went abroad for the creation of Pakistan and put pressure on the British government in London. After the formation of Pakistan, he was appointed Prime Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan, but later the fundamentalists declared the Ahmadiyyas as non-Muslims and refused to accept them as citizens of Pakistan. Khan was imprisoned and later released on condition that he leave Pakistan and therefore Zafarullah went to France.
In this way, the condition of all those who played the most important role in the creation of Pakistan was made, indeed, miserable by the very state they created, which could never have been achieved. expect. However, he has a great moral lesson for generations to come. Love, respect, and connection to the nation’s civilization and history are reflected in the treatment of its great national heroes and worthy men and women.
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