Persian poet Rudaki is the product of the Samanid economic and cultural boom, says literary man


TEHRAN – Rudaki Neder Karimian expert says the poet who is considered the father of Persian poetry is the product of the economic and cultural boom and political splendor that Iran experienced during the Samanid dynasty more than of a millennium.

Speaking at a meeting held at Vahdat Hall in Tehran on Saturday to celebrate Rudaki’s birthday, he said: “This period can be considered one of the most important periods in history, during which Iran has experienced a scientific and historical renaissance “.

The 4th of the month of Dey in the Iranian calendar, which fell on December 25 of this year, has been recorded as Rudaki day by the General Council of Culture of Iran.

The day will be officially inscribed on the 1401 calendar of the Iranian year.

“The celebration of Rudaki is a celebration of Persian literature and Iranian morals, for Rudaki is a popular poet who never praises the rulers,” noted Karimian, who has compiled articles on Rudaki in a collection that has was presented during the celebration.

Reciting a poem by Rudaki, Karimian said: “In this poem, Rudaki presents four main themes: contentment, justice, living with freedom and zest for life, encouraging people to live happily in the satisfied society of the Samanid period, in which scientists, cultural, political and economic activities went side by side and the poet is the product of such a society.

“We should be looking for cultural diplomacy. Today our society needs the teachings of Rudaki. We live in a period dominated by many political diseases; we need integrity more than ever and figures like Rudaki can restore that integrity, ”he noted.

The Tajik President of the ECO Cultural Institute, Sarvar Bakhti, the Director of the Organization of Afghan Elites Hesameddian Taleqani and the Iranian Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Mohammad-Mehdi Esmaeili also attended the celebration.

Beginning his speech by reciting a poem by Rudaki, Bakhti said, “Rudaki lived among ordinary people and was attracted to the Samanid court because of its popular fame.

“He was well aware of the pains and needs of the people of his time and established his great poetry based on the study of other poets of the time and the past, and this perspective makes his poetry one of the best examples of Persian literature and poetry from around the world, ”he added.

He also congratulated Iran on having designated a day on its national calendar for Rudaki and noted: “Rudaki is the founder and pioneer of Persian literature in the historic region and we should do more to celebrate this great man of Persian literature.

Rudaki, the nickname of Abu Abdollah Jafar ibn Mohammad, was born c. 859 in Rudak, Khorasan and died in 940/941. He was the first renowned poet to compose poems in “New Persian”, written in the Arabic alphabet, and as a result, he is widely regarded as the father of Persian poetry.

A talented singer and instrumentalist, Rudaki was court poet of the Samanid ruler Nasr II (914-943) in Bukhara until he fell out of favor in 937.

He ended his life in miserable misery. About 100,000 couplets are attributed to Rudaki, but of this enormous production less than 1,000 have survived, and these are scattered among many anthologies and biographical works.

His poems are written in a simple style, characterized by optimism and charm and, towards the end of his life, by a touching melancholy.

Besides parts of his couch (collection of poems), one of his most important contributions to literature is his translation from Arabic into New Persian of Kalilah wa Dimnah, a collection of fables of Indian origin.

Subsequent accounts of these fables owe much to this lost translation of Rudaki, which made him even more famous in personal-Islamic literature.

Photo: An Afghan ensemble performs during the celebration of the birthday of Persian poet Rudaki at Vahdat Hall in Tehran on December 25, 2021. (IQNA / Tahereh Babai)

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