June 1, 2021 6:15 p.m. (UTC + 04:00)
By Laman Ismayilova
The eminent Azerbaijani satirist and writer Jalil Mammadguluzade has contributed significantly to critical realism and the satirical genre in Azerbaijani literature.
The founder of “Molla Nasraddin”, a satirical magazine greatly influenced this genre in the Middle East and Central Asia.
He has written in various genres including short stories, novels, essays, and plays. His first major short story, “The Disappearance of the Donkey,” written in 1894 and published in 1934, addressed social inequality.
In his latest books, “The Letter Box”, “The Iranian Constitution”, “Gurban Ali Bey” and many others, Mammadguluzade has criticized corruption, snobbery, ignorance and religious fanaticism.
Since 1903, Mammadguluzade had published his work in the journal Sargi-Rus.
“Post Box” and “Currant Game” and the translation “Work, Death and Sickness” are among the stories published in this journal.
The magazine was first published in Tbilisi on April 7, 1906 and could print 340 issues until 1917. The publication was later published in Tabriz with eight issues printed in 1921, then in Baku from 1922 to 1931, publishing in total 400 numbers.
“Molla Nasraddin” was something revolutionary for this period, criticizing the political elite of Russia and Persia and focusing on topics such as corruption, snobbery, ignorance, religious fanaticism, equality rights for women as well as freedom of expression and the preservation of the national language and traditions.
April 7, 1906. Jalil Mammadguluzade published the first issue of the magazine “Molla Nasraddin”, which laid the foundation for satirical journalism in the world of Turkish Muslims.
“Molla Nasraddin” criticized the political elite of Russia and Persia for corruption, snobbery, ignorance and religious fanaticism. The publication focused on equal rights for women as well as freedom of expression and the preservation of national language and traditions.
The magazine regularly publishes the works of talented Azerbaijani writers and journalists, such as MASabir, N.Narimanov, A.Haqverdiyev, MSOrdubadi, OFNemanzadeh, Ali Nazmi, A.Gamkusar, etc.
Even so, the publication managed to stay in print for 25 years (1906-1931).
Today, the House-Museum of Jalil Mammadguluzade keeps precious exhibitions highlighting the contribution of the writer.
The museum regularly organizes activities by organizing exhibitions to let the public know more about the life and creativity of the greatest Azerbaijani satirist.
In 2019, the Jalil Mammadguluzadeh House-Museum in Baku finally opened after renovation.
The event brought together prominent public figures, representatives of science, culture and literature, including the great-grandson of writer Martin Javanshiri and his son Przemislav Javanshiri.
The house-museum of the famous writer and founder of the satirical magazine “Molla Nasreddin” was inaugurated in 1994 in honor of the 125th anniversary of the birth of Jalil Mammadguluzade.
Azerbaijani national leader Heydar Aliyev attended the opening ceremony.
The museum is spread over 5 rooms devoted to the life and creation of the writer. Almost 3000 pieces are presented in the museum.
The house-museum brilliantly reflects the first journalistic and literary activity of Jalil Mammadguluzade.
There is an editorial staff for the magazine “Molla Nasraddin” in the house-museum. The materials of the memorial room are on the theme of the life and activity of Jalil Mammadguluzade between the years 1922 and 1932. Here is also a map covering the dissemination of the works of the writer in the world.
The Jalil Mammadguluzade House-Museum is an ideal place to take a great journey through the life of a prominent satirist.
Follow us on twitter @AzerNewsAz